2019 Call for Proposals
The DDAA is pleased to announce a call for proposals for presentations at both the Annual Conference and Professional Development Conference of 2019. We are accepting proposals on a variety of topics, but are particularly interested in sessions that address the opioid crisis, coal-impacted communities, and entrepreneurship in Appalachia.
If you have any questions, please contact Brendan Buff at email@example.com.
EXTENDED DEADLINE: December 7, 2018
2019 Annual Conference
The Development District Association of Appalachia is holding its Annual Conference in Arlington, Virginia from March 18-20, 2019. This is an opportunity to share cutting-edge ideas, highlight success stories and lessons learned, and engage with other LDDs during our Annual gathering. DDAA is seeking compelling session proposals to ensure a comprehensive program. Session proposals should address topics and trends that reflect the wide-ranging needs and interests of member Local Development Districts. We are searching for powerful session proposals focused in the following topic areas:
- Opioid crisis and correlating workforce issues
- Opioid crisis and engaging local leadership and partners
- Economic diversification in coal-impacted communities
- Entrepreneurship support efforts
- Infrastructure needs
- Capacity building for communities, boards, and LDDs
- Community health and wellness
- Rural workforce attraction and retention
2019 Professional Development Conference
The Development District Association of Appalachia is holding its Professional Development Conference in Summer 2019. This conference is focused on improving LDD staff by providing topic-related hands-on training by outside firms or individuals, or peer-to peer learning opportunities in areas such as:
- Leadership & Management
- Business Line Development
- Technology Trends and Uses
- Finance and Procurement
- Marketing & Communications
- Peer-Learning and Sharing
The Development District Association of Appalachia (DDAA) is a membership organization of the 73 Local Development Districts (LDDs) serving the 420 counties of the Appalachia Region. The DDAA works to strengthen LDDs and their member governments and to provide leadership to support the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) federal-state-local partnership. Conference attendees are Executive Directors, Board Members, local and state Elected Officials, Program Managers, and Staff of Local Development Districts across the 13 state region.
Local Development Districts (LDDs) are multi-jurisdictional planning and economic development organizations that provide administrative, professional and technical assistance to local governments and citizens throughout Appalachia. An LDD is the Appalachian Regional Commission's (ARC) name for the multi-county planning and development organizations which from State to State may be otherwise known as regional councils, councils of governments, area development districts, regional development centers, or regional planning commissions. LDD's are the local partner in the ARC's Federal-State-Local partnership, and they serve the member counties and municipalities within their designated regions in efforts aimed at achieving the goals of the ARC
Please read the following guidelines carefully before submitting your session proposal.
- Proposals are encouraged to contain contributions from or highlights of the work of one or more DDAA member.
- DDAA reserves the right to accept only the topic, title, and to accept or reject one or more speakers and moderator or any combination of the above list.
- DDAA reserves the right to add, edit or make changes to the session title, description, and mode of presentation, panel and moderator.
- All proposals become property of DDAAA upon receipt. Session topics or speaker recommendations not accepted will be considered for use in future DDAA conferences, newsletters, webinars and resources for up to a period of one year.
- Strong proposals are respectful of diversity in terms of ethnicity, gender and geographic location.
- Proposals must be submitted with a minimum of one speaker for the panel. DDAA may confirm additional speakers and a moderator to complete the panel.
- In order to keep conference registration fees reasonable, DDAA will consider requests for payment of speaker fees and travel expenses, honorarium or speaker’s bureau fees only in special circumstances.
- DDAA reserves the right to combine session proposals on similar topics into one session.
- Speakers and moderators interested in attending the conference will be expected to register and pay for the conference.
- Speakers are invited to attend the session before or after their session, excluding meals and receptions, without paying the registration fee.
- Individuals or organizations proposing sessions are responsible for confirming proposed speakers and moderators upon acceptance of session proposal.
The form, while long, includes multiple pages for detail on speakers and moderator information. Only those pages relevant to your session proposal submission are required to be completed. Please contact DDAA at firstname.lastname@example.org via email with any questions regarding conference proposals. For more details about DDAA, visit our website at www.ddaa-ldd.org.
You will be notified via email regarding a decision on your proposal on or before December 15, 2018. All proposals will be kept on file for one year for consideration for future conferences. If the session proposal and speakers are accepted, the person who submitted the proposals will be responsible for confirming the moderator and speakers on or before January 15, 2018.
No substitutes for speakers or moderators can be made without permission from DDAA.
• October – November: 2018 DDAA accepting session proposals
• By December 15, 2018: DDAA notifies submissions of the outcome of their Proposals
• By January 15, 2018: Successful submissions confirm their speakers and moderators (if applicable)
Appalachia & The Emerging Internet of Things, Chris Brazell, Appalachian Regional Commission
Building an Effective Board of Directors, Paul Mastrodonato, Nonprofit Works
Center for Regional Economic Competitiveness, Brendan Buff, CREC
Developing a Strategic Plan for Your Organization, Paul Mastrodonato, Nonprofit Works
Diversity Awareness, Dorinda Byers and Eddy Biehl, D. Byers & Associates
Hiring Winning Talent, Dorinda Byers and Eddy Biehl, D. Byers & Associates
Protecting Your Organization, Your Board and Yourself from Harassment Liability, Drake Maynard, DMHR Services, LLC and Robert Joyce, UNC-CH School of Government
Results of DDAA Training Program Internship, Misty Casto, Buckeye Hills Regional Council and DDAA Training Chair
Spread the Word: Communication Tips & Tricks, Shannon Van Hoesen, Appalachian Regional Commission
Social Return on Investment (SROI): Measuring Social Impact, Bret Allphin, Buckeye Hills Regional Council and John Glazer, Ohio Univeristy Voinovich School
Welcome & Logistics, Misty Casto, Buckeye Hills Regional Council & DDAA Training Chair
Where Are You Boston? Paul Mellor, Success Links
Working on Workforce: How Partnerships & Collaboration Can LEad to Improved Lives, Flite Freimann, Washington County JFS and Bret Allphin, Buckeye Hills Regional Council
2018 Conference: Call for Session Proposals
Submission Deadline: December 1, 2017
The Development District Association of Appalachia (DDAA) holds two signature events each year. One is the 2018 Annual Conference, which will be held in Arlington, Virginia from March 18-20, 2018. The second is the Annual Professional Development Conference, being held in Knoxville, TN from April 17-19, 2018.
The bedrock principal of Local Development Districts (LDDs) is that local governments and communities can accomplish more by working together than individually. Building on this bedrock principal, we need the strength of all DDAA members working together to offer compelling session proposals to ensure comprehensive, educational programs for the membership.
Session proposals should address topics and trends that reflect the wide-ranging needs and interests of member Local Development Districts. We all do things a little bit differently, administer different programs, and serve the unique needs of our membership.
No one knows the needs and assets of Appalachia better than our members and those partners who work with us as we serve our regions! We look forward to your help in crafting the best sessions yet!
Submission Deadline: December 1, 2017
Questions regarding the Call for Session Proposals should be directed to email@example.com
Development District Association of Appalachia (DDAA)
Request for Qualifications for Management & Administration Services
Due Date: November 15, 2017
The Development District Association of Appalachia (DDAA) is requesting Statements Of Qualifications from experienced firms or persons to perform management and administrative services, including serving as the DDAA Executive Consultant. This is a contract based position and the selected contractor shall be responsible for all expenses incurred while performing services. Compensation, which shall include related expenses, will be negotiated, but will include consideration for experience.
The successful RFQ respondent will manage the Association as the Executive Consultant under the general supervision of the DDAA Board of Directors and will be responsible for carrying out the mission, vision and goals of the DDAA. Interested firms or persons are encouraged to review the DDAA 2015-2020 Strategic Plan prior to responding to the RFQ.
The DDAA is a membership organization of the 73 Local Development Districts (LDD's) serving the 420 counties of the Appalachia Region of the United States. The DDAA works to strengthen LDDs and their member governments and to provide leadership to support the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) federal-state-local partnership.
Procedure for RFQ Submittal:
To respond to this Request for Qualifications (RFQ), an interested firm or individual should submit one (1) electronic copy (in Adobe Acrobat PDF file format) of its Statement Of Qualifications (SOQ) to:
Richard Zink, President
Development District Association of Appalachia
Statements Of Qualifications MUST be received electronically at the email above
by 12:00 noon EST on November 15, 2017.
Late submissions will not be considered.
Questions regarding this RFQ or submittal requirements should be directed to Richard Zink at firstname.lastname@example.org and copied to email@example.com. All questions and corresponding responses will be posted to the DDAA website for review by all interested firms or individuals.
Development District Association of Appalachia members are not eligible for consideration under this RFQ.
6th Annual Professional Development Conference
April 17-19, 2018
The Development District Association of Appalachia (DDAA) invites YOU to take time to improve yourself and your organization at the Annual Professional Development Conference, in Knoxville, TN.
Whether you want to attain skills and knowledge for personal development or career advancement, join us for real-world executive and employee development sessions, networking and more in Knoxville, TN.
The conference provides timely and relevant training for ANY individual who desires to improve their work skills and enhance their performance. The topics to be discussed are relevant to all levels of employees within an organization, from Executive Directors, Managers, and Fiscal Officers, to Board Members, IT Managers or program staff.
501 West Church Avenue
Knoxville, TN 37902
HOTEL CONFERENCE BLOCK IS SOLD OUT.
Unfortunately, the hotel is unable to add any rooms to the block but have provided a couple hotel names that are located only two blocks from the Hilton Knoxville:
The conference will begin on Tuesday, April 17 at 1:15 p.m. with the opening plenary. The afternoon will consist of two breakout sessions until 4:30 p.m. An Opening Reception from 5:30 pm to 7:30 pm will conclude the first day of the conference.
Wednesday, April 18, is a full day of breakout sessions starting at 9:00 am and finishing up at 4:15 p.m. Dinner will be on your own.
Thursday, April 19, will bring with the Opening Plenary at 8:00 a.m. The closing plenary will conclude the conference around 11:30 am.
Member = $175
Nonmember = $275
Online registration is available until March 23, 2018 only. After March 23, online registration will NOT be available. Please use the hard copy registration form and mail to NADO along with payment. HARD COPY REGISTRATION FORM
You must pick sessions at time of registration. One session per time slot. Session descriptions can be found on the agenda.
Mail registration form and payment to:
Attention: Ian Schramm
400 North Capitol Street, NW, Suite 390
Washington, DC 20001
Questions: Contact Ian Schramm at firstname.lastname@example.org
DDAA reserves the right to cancel any conference-related event. DDAA will reimburse conference registration fees, minus a $50 administrative fee, upon written request. No refunds will be processed following April 13, 2018.
ONE CONFERENCE - ONE REGISTRATION
Your membership in DDAA; or,
Your membership level in NADO
The conference is set to begin with the Opening Reception at 5:30 p.m. on Sun., March 17 and end with the Closing Plenary at 11:00 am on Wed., March 20 at the Crystal Gateway Marriott in Arlington, VA.
DDAA Member: $395*
NADO Member (General or Associate): $495
NADO Member (Sustaining, Platinum, Platinum Plus, of Sustaining Associate): $445
*DDAA has provided resources to subsidize registration fees for their members to attend this conference.
To register online, click HERE.
For a hard copy of the registration form, click HERE.
If you wish to pay by check, please make check payable to NADO and mail to:
400 North Capitol Street, NW #388
Washington, DC 20001
Venue & Travel
Marriott Crystal Gateway
1700 Jefferson Davis Highway
Arlington, VA 22202
Room Rate: $260 night single/double
Room block deadline: February 20
To make reservations online, click HERE.
The Crystal Gateway Marriott is a hotel in Crystal City, VA that offers an ideal location for vacations, business trips and weekend getaways. Newly renovated, our hotel offers exceptional accommodations, complimentary WiFi in the lobby and multiple dining options including Einstein Bagels. We're surrounded by Arlington's best shopping and dining at the Crystal City shops and The Fashion Centre at Pentagon City. The Crystal City Metro stop can be accessed from the lobby of our Crystal City hotel near Washington, DC, allowing guests to reach the best museums, monuments and attractions in the surrounding area. Perfect for conferences, meetings and social events in the Virginia and DC areas, our hotel features banquet facilities and 27 meeting rooms, including a 16,000 sqare foot ballroom, totaling 34,300 sq. ft. of meeting space. This comfortable and inviting Crystal City, VA hotel in Arlington is also conveniently located 1 mile from Washington Reagan National Airport (DCA).
~ Some or all of this information was provided by the hotel/venue ~
Airport & Transit
Washington, DC is easily accessible by air, rail and road, leaving your travel options covered. There are three airports to choose from including Ronald Regan Washington National Airport (DCA), Washington Dulles International Airport (IAD), and Baltimore Washington International Airport (BWI).
- Washington Travel Search
- Metrorail System
- Reagan National Airport
- Baltimore Washington International Airport
- Dulles International Airport
Blow a Bubble, Not a Gasket!, Janie Walters, Champain Communications
How to Fund the Impossible - An Innovation Approach for Funding Infrastructure Investments, Jeannette Wierzbicki, P.E., Executive Director, Ohio Mid-Eastern Governments Association and Dorothy Skowrunski, Executive Directo, Coshocton County Port Authority
HUD Section 3 Compliance Regulatory Training, J. Keith Swiney, President/CEO, Motivation, Inc.
Legislative Advocacy in Uncertain Times, Greg Lestini, Partner, Bricker & Eckler Attorneys At Law
Logic Models, Paul Mastrodonato, President, Nonprofit Works
- Course Outline.pdf (54 KB)
- Template.pdf (24 KB)
- Coffee Break.pdf (37 KB)
- Culinary Program.pdf (46 KB)
Making the Most out of Messaging & Communication, Wendy Wasserman, Director, Communications & Media Relations, ARC; Amanda Slider, Loan Program Manager, Northwest Commission (PA)
Smart Grids and the Emerging Internet of Things (IoT), Chris Brazell, Infrastructure Program Manager, ARC; Patrick Sarver, General Field Rep., RUS/Electric Program, USDA
Strategic Branding & Messaging, Erica Allison, PR Strategist & Founder, Allison Development Group
The Little Engine Did, And So Can You! The Incredible Power of Optimism to Energize Life and Propel Organizations Forward! Janie Walters, Champion Communications
The Top 10 Policies Every Handbook Should Contain, Joelle Khouzam, Partner, Bricker & Eckler Attorneys At Law
Transforming a Region for Today's Digital Economy, Bill Atkinson, ARC Program Manager, Tri-County Coucnil for Western Maryland
Various Forms of Contracting, Flite Freimann, Senior Counsel/Of Counsel, Bricker & Eckler Attorneys At Law
John Whisman “Vision” Award
The John Whisman “Vision” Award is given to an individual who has contributed to making the region a better place. The purpose of the award is to “honor efforts made by an individual to relieve the deep-seated problems of Appalachia, promote systems of federal, state and local cooperation and further the mission of the Appalachian Regional Commission and the local development districts.” It recognizes an individual who best supports intergovernmental cooperation as exemplified in the ARC – state – LDD partnership.
2016 Winner: Dennis Robinson (PA)
Don Myers Humanitarian Award
The Don Myers Humanitarian Award was established to recognize an individual who has shown leadership and provided community service that has enriched Appalachia. The award will be presented to a person whose life has been marked by actions that have (1) led to the growth and development of the region, (2) enhanced the fabric of their local community, and (3) reinforced the sense of selflessness and self-reliance so strongly identified within Appalachian communities.
2016 Winner: Dolly Parton (TN)
The DDAA’s Congressional Award honors members of the United States Congress who through their leadership and support recognize the valuable work of the Appalachian Regional Commission and its intergovernmental partnership in helping to improve the quality of life in the 13 state region.
2016 Winners: Senator Roger Wicker (MS) and Representative Matt Cartwright (PA)
Upcoming DDAA Board Meeting Information:
The next meeting is scheduled for March 17, 2019 in Arlington, VA
Marriott Crystal Gateway
1700 Jefferson Davis Highway
Arlington, VA 22202
2016 DDAA GIS Users Conference
"Utilizing Your Resources to Better Serve Your Region"
April 24, 2016 - Asheville, NC
So whether you want to attain skills and knowledge for personal development or career advancement, extend your stay and join us for real-world executive and employee development sessions, networking and more in Asheville, North Carolina.
To download pictures, please visit the album HERE.
To download photos please visit the album at https://flic.kr/s/aHsjXqiBSy
All photos in the gallery below are courtesty of Linda Spillers.
To download photos please visit the album at https://flic.kr/s/aHsjXv9h3n
To download photos please visit the album at https://flic.kr/s/aHskbWmem7
Annual Conference: March 18 - 20, 2018 in Arlington, Virginia.
Professional Development Conference: Tentative April 17 - 19, 2018 location to be determined
General information on the training program.
DDAA Past Presidents
2018 Richard Zink New York
2017 John Hemmings Ohio
2016 Jim Dove Georgia
2015 Misty Casto Ohio
2014 Sherry McDavid Kentucky
2013 W. Danny Lewis Georgia
2012 Steve Pellisier South Carolina
2011 Eric Fridges Pennsylvania
2010 Sharon Gardner Mississippi
2009 Keith Jones Alabama
2008 Bob Augenstern New York
2007 Jeff Spencer Ohio
2006 Leanne Mazer Maryland
2005 Joe Guthrie Tennessee
2004 Bob Culver Alabama
2003 Bob Culver Alabama
2002 David Rundgren Virginia
2001 Ed Silvetti Pennsylvania
2000 Rudy Johnson Mississippi
1999 Ken Green West Virginia
1998 Doug Taylor North Carolina
1997 Don Rychnowski New York
1996 Don Rychnowski New York
Linda Gayheart Kentucky
1995 Wayne Strickland Virginia
1994 Bob Strouther South Carolina
1993 Susan Reid Tennessee
1992 John Beck West Virginia
1991 Mike Wagonner Maryland
1990 Sam Dayton Georgia
1989 Randy Kelly Mississippi
1988 William Hess New York
1987 Percy Elkins Kentucky
DDAA Website Committee
(July 2018 - June 2019)
|Executive Committee||Jim Baldwin||Presidentemail@example.com|
|*Officers & Immediate Past President||Rudy Johnson||1st Vice Presidentfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Mark Farley||2nd Vice Presidentemail@example.com|
|Richard Zink||Immediate Past Presidentfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|*1st VP is the Chair||Rudy Johnsonemail@example.com|
|*2nd VP Assists the Chair||Mark Farleyfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Steve Pelissier, Chairemail@example.com|
|Don Myers Humanitarian Award|
|* 3 Most Recent Active Past Presidents||Richard Zink, Chair||Term: July 2017 - June firstname.lastname@example.org|
|John Hemmings||Term: July 2016 - June email@example.com|
|Jim Dove||Term: July 2015 - June firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Misty Casto, Chairemail@example.com|
|Website - Ad-hoc|
|Misty Casto, Chairfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|John Brunner||Ex Officio Member|
April 23, 2013
2013 DDAA GIS Users Meeting, Greenville, SC
Registration for this event is FREE, click here to register. Rooms are available for $129 per night, room rate is effective until March 25. To reserve a room at the Hyatt Regency Greenville click here. Click here for meeting agenda.
March 10-12, 2013
2013 DDAA/ARC Annual Conference, Arlington, VA
Register Online HERE: http://www.cvent.com/events/a-proud-heritage-and-a-bright-tomorrow-recognizing-ldds-valuable-role-in-shaping-appalachia-s-future/event-summary-f0647a3ff4ec41faa1893ced098964b6.aspx
April 24-26, 2012
EDFS Conference, Burlington, VT
March 19-21, 2012
2012 NADO Washington Policy Conference, Arlington, VA
March 18-20, 2012
2012 DDAA Annual Conference, Arlington, VA
March 20-22, 2011
2012 DDAA/ARC Annual Conference, Arlington, VA
August 24-26, 2011
NADO 2011 National Rural Transportation Conference, Washington DC
October 8 – 11, 2011
NADO 2011 Annual Training Conference, Miami Beach,FL
BOARD & OFFICER TRAVEL POLICY
As Adopted During the 2009 Summer Board of Directors Meeting Chautauqua, New York, June 28 – June 30, 2009
1. Annual Conference
Board officers shall receive compensated hotel rooms for the conference. Board members, including Board officers, shall not receive compensation for the conference registration, travel expenses, meals, or any other expenses.
2. DDAA Summer and Winter Board Meetings
The DDAA shall cover the expense for hotel rooms and on-site meals for all Board members. The President shall be authorized to approve the coverage of expenses for hotel rooms and on-site meals for other invited members of the DDAA, representatives of partnering organizations, or guests.
The DDAA shall not cover travel expenses or meals during travel for Board members, including officers. The President shall be authorized to approve the coverage of travel expenses for invited guests.
3. Other Travel by the President
For all other travel of the President that is related to his/her responsibilities as President, the DDAA will cover all travel, hotel, meal, and other related expenses.
4. Other Travel for Persons Other Than the President
For other DDAA related travel by any person, the coverage of travel, hotel, meal, registration, and other related expenses may be authorized by the President, at his/her discretion.
5. Travel by the Chair of the Training Committee
For travel related to activities of the Training Committee, all travel, meal, hotel, and other related expenses of the Training Committee Chair shall be covered by the DDAA. Funding for these expenses is included in the Association’s Training budget.
Past Meeting Minutes
ARTICLE I: PURPOSE
The official title of this organization shall be the Development District Association of Appalachia, hereinafter referred to as the “Association." It shall work to strengthen local units of government through their membership and participation in development districts; enhance the role of development districts as a mechanism for cooperatively seeking solutions to common problems; and to promote the extension, development and fullest utilization of the multijurisdictional, umbrella substate district role in the federal-state-local partnership. The Association shall maintain a strategic plan to implement its purpose.
The Association shall not engage in political activities on behalf of any candidate for public office.
It shall be the policy of the Association to avoid any and all activities which shall duplicate or be in conflict with all national organizations of regional councils.
The Association is created for non-profit and benevolent purposes.
ARTICLE II: MEMBERSHIP
Membership of the Association shall consist of all development districts in the Appalachian Region established pursuant to Section 302A of the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965, as amended. All districts shall automatically be considered members until such time as they notify the Association President in writing of their desire to be excluded from membership. The Association may require the payment of dues for membership. Dues shall be established at a quorum meeting of the Board of Directors.
Each member district shall have one vote on every question before a regular or special meeting. The vote may be cast by any designated district board member of staff member. Voting on any matter may be conducted by mail, email, or other electronic means. Electronic ballots shall bear a certification by the Executive Director.
ARTICLE III: PURPOSES
The Association shall meet at least once during each calendar year and that meetings may be held the same week and at the same place as one of the local development district conferences or workshops (sponsored by the Appalachian Regional Commission).
Special meetings may be called by the President at the request of a majority of the members of the Executive Committee or upon the request of one-fourth member districts.
Notice of all meetings shall be mailed to the membership at least fifteen (15) days before such meetings.
One-third of the member districts shall constitute a quorum at all meetings.
Should a quorum not be present, action may be taken by those present, but must be ratified through mail ballot by a majority of the Association.
Meetings shall be conducted in accordance with Roberts Rules of Order.
ARTICLE IV: BOARD OF DIRECTORS
The Board shall consist of five officers of the Association, the immediate Past President, and the thirteen members, one from each of the Appalachian states, elected annually by the member districts of each state. The thirteen member representatives shall officially take office on July 1 of the year elected and serve for a period of 12 months, ending June 30 of the following year.
Each Board member serving as a state representative shall have individual responsibility, as a representative of his/her state’s total membership, to serve as a vehicle for improved communication linkage between development districts in his/her state and the state’s representative to the Appalachian Regional Commission and between his/her state’s development district and the Appalachian Regional Commission.
The Executive Committee shall consist of the five officers of the Association and the immediate Past President.
It shall be the responsibility of the Board to act for and to carry out the policies of the Association.
A majority of the membership of the Board shall constitute a quorum. Should a quorum not be present, action may be taken by those present, but must be ratified by mail ballot by a majority of the Board.
The Board meetings shall be held at the call of the Association President or at the request of a majority of Board members.
ARTICLE V: OFFICERS
The officers of the Association shall be President, First Vice President, Second Vice President, Treasurer, and a Secretary. Officers shall be elected from the membership at the time of the Annual Meeting. Upon election, the Officers shall begin their term of office on July 1 of the year elected for a period of 12 months, ending June 30 of the following year. A nominating committee shall be appointed by the President prior to the conference and shall make its report to the membership at the conference.
In the event that an Association office vacancy should occur for any reason, then, with the consent of the Board of Directors, either through mail ballot or by vote at a Board meeting, remaining officers shall move up to the next higher office in order of succession as follows: President, First Vice President, Second Vice President, and Secretary. However, should any officer(s) desire not to ascend to another officer position, or should the vacant officer position be that of Secretary, then the Board shall be empowered to fill the vacant position through the process of soliciting nominations form among the Association’s membership and voting, as prescribed above, to select the replacement officer who shall serve until the next election of Association officers pursuant to Section 5.01.
Should the Association or its Board of Directors determine that it is necessary and in the best interests of the Association to remove an officer form his/her position, then said removal from office shall be decided by a two-thirds vote of the Board, either, by mail ballot or at a meeting of the Board, at which time the issue shall be properly put before the Board for discussion and a vote.
The President shall preside at all meetings of the Association, the Board, and the Executive Committee; shall call meetings as specified in the by-laws; shall submit such recommendations and information, as he/she may consider proper at Board, Membership and/or Executive Committee meetings; and shall represent the Association and the districts as the local partners at appropriate Appalachian Regional Commission meetings; and perform other such duties as may be necessary to carry out the business of the Association.
The First Vice President shall be the Annual Conference chair and in the absence of the President, assume the duties of the President.
The Second vice President shall assist the First Vice President with the Annual Conference, and in the absence of the First Vice President serve as the First Vice President.
The Treasurer shall receive and dispense funds; keep records of any and all financial transactions of the Association; and provide financial reports at regular meetings. The Treasurer is eligible to be re-elected to office.
The Secretary shall keep a record of all business transacted by the Association, the Board, and the Executive Committee; shall serve notification to members of meetings; shall keep and file records of the Association; and shall perform other such duties in regard to records as the Board or the President may direct.
The line of succession of Association officers to the Presidency shall be First Vice President, Second Vice President, and Secretary. Officers in the line of succession shall not normally be eligible for re-election to their office.
ARTICLE VI: COMMITTEES AND TASK FORCES
The President shall appoint such standing committees or Task Forces as may be needed to advance the interest of the Association. In order to provide liaison and communication, at least one member of the Board shall be appointed to serve on each Committee or Task Force.
Standing Committees: The following committees shall be considered standing committees. The President shall assure that Committee membership is appointed.
Executive Committee: The executive committee shall consist of the Officers of the Association and the Immediate Past President. The committee shall have the responsibility to make recommendations to the Board. The Committee is authorized to act for the Board. Any actions are subject to review by the Board at its next regular meeting.
Nominating Committee: The Nominating Committee shall consist of the last three active past presidents. The committee’s recommendations shall be presented at the Annual Meeting.
Training Committee: There shall be a training committee, appointed annually, to plan and provide the Association’s training program primarily for the benefit of Association members and their constituents.
Special Task Forces: The President of the Association may appoint special task forces as determined by the Board as being desirable for the conduct of Association business.
ARTICLE VII: FINANCIAL
The Board shall prepare and submit a proposed budget to the Association at its annual meeting each year.
The Association membership shall adopt the annual budget which shall be administered by the Board of the Association.
The budget period and fiscal year shall be July 1 of the year adopted and run through June 30 of the following year.
All expenditures shall be authorized by the President consistent with the adopted annual budget. Association checks shall be signed by the Treasurer and countersigned by the President or First Vice President; the use of facsimile signatures is permissible, however all checks must have at least one original signature.
A majority of the Board may amend the budget between general meetings of the Association.
The Treasurer of the Association shall arrange to have the financial records of the Association audited by a Certified Public Accountant following the close of the Association’s Fiscal Year, in conformance with applicable laws and regulations. The results of the Audit shall be made available to the Board at a meeting following its completion.
ARTICLE VIII: DISSOLUTION
In case of dissolution of the Association, its assets shall be prorated and returned to the membership or, at the request of an individual district, their share may be donated to a designated charitable organization or foundation.
ARTICLE IX: AMENDMENTS
These by-laws may be amended by a majority vote of the membership.
ARTICLE X: INDEMNIFICATION
Except in case of criminal conduct, the Association shall indemnify and hold harmless members of the Board for actions taken in their normal voluntary roles on behalf of the Association.
The Appalachian Region of the U.S. is served by 73 Local Development Districts. Each district is shown on the map below. Click on an LDD to link to their website, or view their contact information.
(July 2018 - June 2019)
Counties: Buchanan, Dickenson, Russel, Tazewell
1st Vice President:
Counties: Choctaw, Clay, Lowndes, Noxubee, Oktibbeha, Webster, Winston
2nd Vice President:
Counties: Cannon, Clay, Cumberland, DeKalb, Fentress, Macon, Jackson, Overton, Pickett, Putnam, Smith, VanBuren, Warren, White
Counties: Barbour, Braxton, Gilmer, Lewis, Randolph, Tucker, Upshur
Counties: Anderson, Cherokee, Greenville, Oconee, Pickens, Spartanburg
Immediate Past President:
Richard Zink, Southern Tier West Regional Planning & Development Board
4039 Route 291, Suite 200
Salamanca, NY 14779
Counties: Chautauqua, Cattaraugus, Allegany
MEMBERS AND STATE REPRESENTED
Jeff Pruitt, North Central Alabama Council of Local Governments
216 Jackson Street, SE, P.O. Box C
Decatur, Alabama 35601
Counties: Cullman, Lawrence, Morgan
Lloyd Fraser, Northwest Georgia Regional Commission
PO Box 1798
Rome, GA 30162-1798
Counties: Bartow, Catoosa, Chattooga, Dade, Fannin, Floyd, Gilmer, Gordon, Haralson, Murray, Paulding, Pickens, Polk, Walker, Whitfield
Leanne Mazer, Tri-County Council for Western Maryland, Inc.
One Technology Drive, Suite 1000
Frostburg, Maryland 21532
Counties: Allegany, Garrett, Washington
Steve Russell, North Central Planning and Development District
28 Industrial Park Boulevard
Winona, MS 38967
Counties: Attala, Carroll, Holmes, Grenada, Leflore, Montgomery, Yalobusha
Jennifer Gregory, Southern Tier Central Regional Planning Development Board
8 Denison Parkway East, Suite 310
Corning, New York 14830
Counties: Chemung, Schuyler, Steuben
Scott Dadson, Isothermal Planning & Development Commission
111 W. Court Street, PO Box 841
Rutherfordton NC 28139-0841
Counties: Cleveland, McDowell, Polk, Rutherford
Jeannette Wierzbicki, Ohio Mid-Eastern Governments Association
326 Highland Avenue, Suite B
Cambridge, Ohio 43725
Counties: Belmont, Carroll, Columbiana, Coshocton, Guernsey, Harrison, Holmes, Jefferson, Muskingum, Tuscarawas
Jeff Box, Northeastern Pennsylvania Alliance
1151 Oak Street
Pittston, PA 18640-3795
Counties: Carbon, Lackawanna, Luzerne, Monroe, Pike, Schuylkill, Wayne
Steve Pelissier, South Carolina Appalachian Council of Governments
PO Box 6668
Greenville, South Carolina 29606
Counties: Anderson, Cherokee, Greenville, Oconee, Pickens, Spartanburg
Beth Jones, Southeast Tennessee Development District
1000 Riverfront Parkway/P.O. Box 4757
Chattanooga, Tennessee 37402
Counties: Bledsoe, Bradley, Grundy, Hamilton, Marion, McMinn, Meigs, Polk, Rhea, Sequatchie
David Hoback, West Piedmont Planning District Commission
1100 Madison Street, PO Box 5268
Martinsville, VA 24115-5268
Counties: Henry, Patrick; and city of Martinsville (Franklin, Pittsylvania; and city of Danville)
Chris Chiles, Region 2- KYOVA Interstate Planning Commission and Development Council
400 Third Avenue, PO Box 939
Huntington, WV 25712
Cabell, Lincoln, Logan, Mason, Mingo, Wayne
Note: Parentheses indicate non-Appalachian counties and independent cities included with the development districts.
Appalachian Local Development Districts
The Development District Association of Appalachia (DDAA) is a membership organization of the 73 Local Development Districts (LDDs) serving the 420 counties that comprise the Appalachian Region. The Appalachian Region covers all or portions of 13 states in the Eastern United States.
Local Development Districts (LDDs) are multi-jurisdictional planning and economic development organizations that pursue regional solutions, partnerships and services for the local governments and citizens across Appalachia. The DDAA strengthens LDDs and their member governments and provides leadership to support the ARC’s federal-state-local partnership. The LDDs are the primary local partners in the ARC’s Federal-State-Local Partnership.
Each LDD is shown on the map below. Click on an LDD to link to their website, or view their contact information.
Click below for the Google Earth information used in this map. LDD Google Earth Data (KMZ 764kb)
The DDAA User Group is an informal gathering of Development DIstrict GIS staff from across Appalachia. The purpose of this group is to share experiences, best practices, and other information with GIS peers from across the region. Historically this group meets annually, with meetings taking place concurrently or immediately proceeding/following NADO RPO/EDFS events in the region. For more information about the GIS User Group, please contact Bret Allphin at 740-374-9436.
LDDs and Workforce Development
Best practices listed below are taken from the October 2008 NADO publication: Local Development Districts: Linking Workforce and Economic Development.
|Three Rivers Planning and Development District, Mississippi
Three Rivers PDD serves as the fiscal/administrative agent for the Mississippi Partnership, one of four areas of the state designated to implement WIA programs. The workforce service area of the Three Rivers PDD extends beyond the boundaries of its Appalachian Regional Commission’s (ARC) LDD program and is the largest in the state, cover 27 counties.
According to Clark Castell, former WIA director for the Three Rivers PDD, “With buisnessess like Toyota, Aurora Flight Service and ServerCorr Steel Mills, advanced manufacturing jobs are coming to the region. Our goal is to bridge the gap between the low skill and advanced skill jobs to prepare the workforce for the global economy.”
Lake Cumberland Area Development District, Kentucky
Community and economic development staff focused on building new alliances and securing financing to construct a state-of-the-art training facility, while the workforce staff focused on launching a training curriculum designed in conjunction with industry representatives to meet industry needs. As a result, the Kentucky Regional High Growth Training Center, now under construction, will provide state-of-the-art training to current and future electric utility employees, as well as meet the growing training needs for water, wastewater and telecommunications jobs.
Mid-Ohio Valley Regional Council, West Virginia
After consultations with MOVRC and its workforce development partners, Mustang Survival increased wages by 70 percent in 2007 and started to offer health care benefits to employees. As a result, worker turnover is down dramatically. The company, with a $250,000 loan from MOVRC for equipment and $250,000 of its own resources, purchased new, computerized production equipment for the facility. The equipment is used for production and training current and future employees, particularly middle-aged employees. Training is financed with WIA funds.
LDDs And Transportation
Best practices listed below are taken from the March 2009 NADO Publication: Local Development Districts: Pursuing Transportation-Led Economic Development.
I-86 Coalition - New York
Since facilitating an economic impact analysis in the late 1990s on the importance of upgrading the I-86 corridor, the I-86 coalition comprising three ARC LDDs—Southern Tier East, Central and West Regional Planning and Development Boards, along with the Hudson Valley Regional Council—have been directly involved with advocating to New York legislators and collaborating with the New York State Department of Transportation to improve transportation access to the area. Upgrades to the Southern Tier Expressway will remedy capacity constraints for transporting freight, as well as provide a restructured east-west thoroughfare essential to tourism, commerce and job growth across the region.
Aerial View of the National Alabama Corp. railcar plant.
|Shoals Area Metropolitan Planning Organization - Alabama
Northwest Alabama is perhaps best known for its contribution to American music: “Father of the Blues” W.C. Handy was born in Florence, and Muscle Shoals is home to two famous sound studios. In a tough economy, however, it is no longer the blues that is making music to people’s ears, but the sound of the National Alabama Corporation, a subsidiary of National Steel Car, bringing 1,800 rail car manufacturing jobs to the historically distressed area.With a $350 million manufacturing facility nearing completion at the Barton Riverfront Industrial Park located on U.S. Route 72, city officials of nearby Tuscumbia teamed up with regional and local leaders to ensure that the corridor is able to handle the additional capacity. The Shoals Area Metropolitan Planning Organization (staffed by Northern Alabama Council of Local Governments—an ARC LDD) committed $50,000, and the Appalachian Regional Commission committed $12,500—with another $12,500 from local matching money—to conduct a corridor study for U.S. 72.
For the study, NACOLG has partnered with a consultant to manage the data collection and analysis of the corridor and to facilitate conversations with local stakeholders. This includes publicly held meetings to discuss anticipated growth as a result of development and offering local governments and citizens the chance to air issues and concerns. Based on the data and these discussions, the study will offer ideas on segments of the corridor where development should be targeted—urban activity centers—and places that should remain rural.
Cumberland Plateau Planning District Commission – Virginia
After almost three decades of talk about a highway that would connect the economically
depressed coal counties of Southwest Virginia with the rest of the central Appalachian region, headway is finally being made on the Virginia Coalfields Expressway (U.S. Route 121).
Two key state initiatives have made the Coalfields Expressway a reality. The first was set in place by the Virginia General Assembly in the late 1990s to identify economic competitiveness issues within the state. This made it possible, through an annual $300,000 Regional Competitiveness grant, for the Virginia Coalfield Coalition, a partnership of two ARC LDDs—the CPPDC and neighboring LENOWISCO Planning District Commission— to conduct studies on the anticipated positive economic impacts the 51-mile highway would have on tourism and industry.
Another win came with the state’s Public-Private Transportation Act and subsequent Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) guidelines that allow for innovative partnerships on roadway initiatives. This allowed Alpha Natural Resources and Pioneer Group coal companies to recently be awarded a $5 million Transportation Partnership Opportunity Fund grant by Governor Tim Kaine to begin the Phase 1 planning and construction on the Expressway.
The proposed highway will connect Interstates 64 and 77 in West Virginia with Route 23 in Virginia, which links to interstates in Kentucky and Tennessee. It also connects to the ADHS Corridor Q, another route significant to the region’s economic development. But with 70 percent of the land above a 20 percent slope, construction across the hilly expanse is expected to be a feat of engineering. By coordinating the roadbed development as part of an active surface mining operation, however, the total cost of the roadway is estimated to be cut nearly in half from $4.7 billion to $2.6 billion, according to VDOT.
LDDs and Geographic Information Systems
The following best practices were taken from the April 2008 NADO Publication: GIS Brings Economic Vitality to Appalachian Communities.
South Carolina Appalachian Council of Governments
Serving six counties in Upstate South Carolina, the South Carolina Appalachian Council of Governments (ACOG) is a partner in InfoMentum, a GIS-based tool that supports regional economic development. The partnership, which includes county governments, businesses and utilities throughout the Upstate region, has used InfoMentum to provide integrated research tools for business attraction since the mid-1990s. Services provided by InfoMentum include customized GIS applications, an industrial properties database, fact finder database, special reports, technical assistance and InfoMap, a web-based interactive mapping tool.
Northwest Pennsylvania Regional Planning and Development Commission
Committed to supporting community development and planning within its eight-county region, the Northwest Pennsylvania Regional Planning and Development Commission (Northwest Commission) uses GIS software to gather, analyze and use various data. Th e Northwest Commission believes strongly in coordinating eff orts and sharing resources to improve communities, making them ready for residential and business growth. Toward this end, the Commission uses GIS technology to gather and manage spatial data. Its Neighborhood GIS program utilizes infrastructure and expertise already in place at the regional level to allow for increased GIS capacity at the local government level. A GIS sub-committee for the Northwest Pennsylvania Emergency Response Group is currently creating a GIS enterprise system to aid the region in emergency preparedness and response.
Mid-Ohio Valley Regional Council
The Mid-Ohio Valley Regional Council (MOVRC) in West Virginia serves eight counties and 22 cities and towns located north, south and east of Parkersburg along the Ohio River. MOVRC uses GIS for transportation planning by identifying travel needs, addressing transportation issues and planning for future projects in the region’s metropolitan areas. MOVRC staff use GIS to conduct environmental overview studies to identify historical sites, wetlands, geological features and endangered species habitats. Once these sites are identified and mapped, transportation planners use the maps throughout the road planning process.
West Alabama Regional Commission
In March 2006, the West Alabama Regional Commission (WARC) launched a rural water system mapping initiative to aid local governments grappling with water line breaks and repairs. While many large water lines are mapped by the engineering companies who install them, smaller lines are typically installed by the water departments themselves to save money. These lines are often not mapped, causing problems when lines are in need of repair or replacement, resulting in longer delays in returning water to customers and increasing the chance for water to be wasted. With grant support from ARC, WARC selected 14 water systems from three of the most economically distressed counties in their region—Bibb, Hale and Pickens—for mapping. Over a two-year period, several college interns assisted WARC’s full-time staff members with data collection procedures. They located and mapped water meters, fire hydrants, water tanks, pump stations, lines and control valves. The data were used to create and provide water system maps for the three counties.
Mayor Dennis Stripling of Brent and WARC Planner Melissa Mayo display a map of Brent’s water system.
BTADD GIS Technician and staff from
the Maysville City Utility Department
locate and take GPS locations of manholes for the City Sewer System.
Buffalo Trace Area Development District
Recognizing that small local governments often lack the financial resources and staff expertise to use the latest technology applications as they design emergency vehicle and evacuation routes, the Buffalo Trace Area Development District (ADD), which serves five counties in Kentucky, recently launched a GIS Subscription Service for GIS use throughout the region. Using GeoSync XG, a GIS viewing software, the Buffalo Trace ADD provides GIS data to local governments, special districts, water districts, health departments and others. The group maintains the local data layers from each agency, distributes the shared data to all users in each agency, and provides technical support and data maintenance to ensure accuracy among other user agencies. This annual data subscription program allows smaller, rural counties to use GIS for a low-cost fee.
LDDs And Broadband Technology
Best Practices listed below are taken from the February 2008 NADO publication: Leveling the E-Field: Local Development Districts Promote Forward-Thinking Investments in Appalachia’s Broadband Communications
|Southwest Virginia: Coalfields, Tobacco Country and High-Tech Parks
In southwest Virginia, the deployment of a world-class broadband backbone by two ARC LDDs has yielded results as new industries are replacing those tied to the declining economic sectors of coal and tobacco. The Cumberland Plateau Planning District Commission (PDC) and the Lenowisco PDC, with significant financial assistance from the U.S. Economic Development Administration (EDA) and Virginia Tobacco Commission (VTC) since 2004, have developed regional broadband systems that form the backbone of two high-speed telecommunications networks.
Officials break ground on a fiber optic network in Virginia.
Wireless networks have brought low-cost bandwith to Allegany County Maryland.
|Tri-County Council for Western Maryland
In Allegany County, Maryland, the Tri-County Council for Western Maryland and ARC joined forces to create AllCoNet II, which provides wireless telecommunications service to over 90 percent of the business market in Allegany County. AllCoNet II utilizes wireless technology and licensed carrier networks to provide broadband with minimal financial resources and rapid deployment capability. This infrastructure allows local ISPs to market high speed, wide bandwidth to areas in the county that had no prior coverage, now instantly connecting citizens to services and information provided by local and state governments. By aggregating this demand, the project also attracted a tier one provider to locate a point of presence in the county, cutting telecommunications costs to local companies by enormous amounts. AllCoNet II saves customers across the county an estimated $70,000 a month.
Lake Cumberland Area Development District
Recognizing the economic impact of high speed Internet connections, Lake Cumberland Area Development District (KY) is working to ensure that broadband service will be available to all residents by 2010. This will be a major investment, since in one county alone, the estimated cost of developing the broadband infrastructure is $8.6 million, but broadband along with other infrastructure will build a stronger foundation for future economic and cultural development.
Southern Tier Central Regional Planning and Development Board
As a first step, Southern Tier Central Regional Planning and Development Board (STC) conducted a telecommunications study to inventory current service and infrastructure in its three-county region in south central New York. Based on that study, STC has created GIS maps of fiber optic cabling, wireless towers, and provider territories and services and developed site profiles for 10 economic focus sites in each county. Fiber optic cabling has already been installed throughout much of the region, but STC identified disparities between the population centers and rural areas. In 2007, STC staff testified before a committee of the New York State Legislature on the significance of expanding broadband in rural areas.
Northeastern Pennsylvania Alliance (NEPA)
Northeastern Pennsylvania Alliance (NEPA), in cooperation with six other Pennsylvania LDDs, developed the eCOMMonwealth Project for Rural Broadband Access to research the existing state of broadband in the Commonwealth, examine connectivity technologies, and create models to increase access to broadband. NEPA is currently using this extensive study to determine affordable ways of extending broadband technology to unserviced businesses and residences, in order to enhance economic development activities and assist in investment and
DDAA PEER-TO-PEER TRAINING PROGRAM
The Development District Associaton of Appalachia Board of Directors has created a program to encourage professional development and information sharing among it's members.
The Peer-to-Peer program will reimburse member LDDs for pre-approved travel costs for Peer-to-Peer visits within the 13-state Appalachian Region, including but not limited to Mileage, Air Fare, Meals, Lodging. Requests will be considered on a case-by-case basis.
The DDAA encourages and welcomes applications from Local Development Districts interested in furthering their knowledge and improving their capacity in various programs and topics of interest to our organizations and our members.
1. The LDD applying to receive reimbursement of travel expenses must fill out the Peer-to-Peer application and receive written approval of the request from the DDAA Training Committee Chair, PRIOR to the Peer-to-Peer visit. The applicant will be required to estimate the travel costs associated with the site visit and, if accepted, will be required to submit proof of actual expenditures in order to receive the reimbursement. Under no circumstances will the reimbursement exceed $1,500. Once completed, the application is to be submitted electronically or via hard copy to:
Misty Casto, DDAA Training Committee Chair
PO Box 520
Reno, OH 45773
2. Within 14 days after receipt of the application, the Training Committee, along with the Treasurer of the DDAA and the ARC LDD Director, will meet in person or via conference call to review the request and make a decision to grant or deny the request for reimbursement.
3. A written response will be sent to the applicant within 7 days of the date of the Training Committee meeting.
4. If approved, and after the visit is complete, the applicant will submit a final request for reimbursement, and final report including receipts/invoices/proof of actual expenditures and outcomes of the visit.
Questions about the application or the Peer-to-Peer program should be directed to Misty Casto at email@example.com or 740-374-9436.
The Appalachian Region of the U.S. is served by 73 Local Development Districts. Each district is shown on the map below. Click on an LDD to link to their website, or view their contact information.
For the latest news and legislative updates, we encourage you to visit the websites of our national partners NADO and NARC.
About the DDAA
The Development District Association of Appalachia (DDAA) is a membership organization of the 73 Local Development Districts (LDD's) serving the 420 counties of the Appalachia Region. The DDAA works to strengthen LDDs and their member governments and to provide leadership to support the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) federal-state-local partnership.
What is an LDD?
Local Development Districts (LDDs) are multi-jurisdictional planning and economic development organizations that provide administrative, professional and technical assistance to local governments and citizens throughout Appalachia. Appalachia is a federally designated geographic area covering parts of twelve states and all of West Virginia. An LDD is the Appalachian Regional Commission's (ARC) name for the multi-county planning and development organizations which from State to State may be otherwise known as regional councils, councils of governments, area development districts, regional development centers, or regional planning commissions. LDD's are the local partner in the ARC's Federal-State-Local partnership, and they serve the member counties and municipalities within their designated regions in efforts aimed at achieving the goals of the ARC.
Bedrock Principals of LDDs
- Local governments and communities can accomplish more by working together than individually - Promote a regional and holistic approach to community and economic development
Common Missions of LDDs
- Serve as effective catalysts in fostering partnerships, progress and prosperity throughout the 13-state Appalachian region.
- Help public and private sector leaders develop and implement programs and services that build strong regional economies and communities.
LDD Organizational Structure
While specific programs and activities vary from District to District and State to State, the following are examples of the programs operated by Local Development Districts:
- Aging programs - Business development finance - Geographic Information System (GIS) technology - Environmental Planning - Community and economic development - Emergency preparedness and planning - Human services and workforce development - Public administration - Telecommunications and broadband deployment - Transportation planning and public transportation services
Each LDD is governed by a locally appointed Board of Directors that typically includes:
- Two-thirds local government officials and/or appointees - One-third academic, business and non-profit sectors, as required by various federal and state guidelines
LDDs have accomplished a range of tasks that benefit their regions:
- Between 1990 and 2005, LDDs administered almost 7,700 grants and projects totaling more than $5.5 billion in pass-through and programmatic funds; - LDDs’ combined business development loan portfolio invested more than $368 million in gap financing for businesses and entrepreneurs from 1995 to 2005; - LDDs made more than 2,550 business loans and leveraged an additional $1.1 billion from the private sector in underserved regions and for companies and entrepreneurs struggling to secure financing; - Almost 60,000 jobs have been created or retained, and 96,000 workforce clients were prepared to contribute to the region’s economy, as a result of LDD programs from the mid 1990s to 2004; - During the same time period, 2.3 million seniors benefited from aging programs funded at $425 million and administered by LDDs in parts of the region; - Since their inception, LDDs have helped thousands of citizens and hundreds of businesses recover from natural disasters across the region.